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THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS.

Do You Understand Your Body?

To understand your body you must understand its organs.

How does the womb work? An updated version of this web page is available here

Unfortunately the latest versions of Internet Explorer have a compatibility problem with Java Script and the new pages menus might not display properly. If that is the use another Browser like Firefox or use the older web pages.

Firefox is available here.

On this page the basic structure of the female reproductive organs will be discussed. To understand female reproduction and the diseases of the female reproduction organs, it is important to understand the basic structure. It is especially important to understand the structure known as the endometrium.

Menstruation is a very important indicator of the function
and condition of the female reproductive organs.

Menstruation occurs due to the unique lining ( mucus membrane) that covers or line the cavity inside the womb.

This mucus membrane is so unique that it got it's own scientific name THE ENDOMETRIUM

This lining constantly changes it's thickness and appearance during the menstrual cycle. It's appearance and function is under direct control of the female hormones. (Estrogen and Progesterone)

We will discuss and illustrate these changes on the page called "Menstruation"
It is important to first understand the basic structure of the female organs.

We will now illustrate the basic structure on this page. The next section session on this page will illustrate the basic structure of the female organs.

The links lower down the page will also take you to pages where the individual organs are discussed in more detail.

It is also important to note that the uterus is mobile organ, It can accommodate the contents of the bladder by changing its position ( a full bladder easily pushes it backwards). In the same manner bowel movements are accommodated.

 

 

 

 

The Female Reproductive Organs

A basic knowledge of the female reproductive organs
is necessary to understand their functions.

The following pictures and drawings show the front and
side views of these organs.
The endometrium is colored yellow in the right sided drawings to draw attention to the importance of this layer.
The left sided drawings illustrate the position of the organs in the body.
The first picture on the left ( showing a front view) illustrate the position of the ovaries more accurately. The ovaries lie behind the uterus and not next it, in the living body.
\
Front
View
Front
View
Side
View
Side
View

The uterus usually bends forward towards the bladder but in about 20% of women it bends backwards toward the spine. If yours is lying backwards and you are well do not worry about it.
For more information about the position of the uterus go to The Positions of the Uterus ( Womb)

The Endometrium

The endometrium is the lining (mucus membrane) that covers the cavity inside the womb.
The following two drawings illustrate how it's thickness differs in different stages of the menstrual cycle.

This drawing illustrates the thick endometrium immediately before the onset of menstruation.
This drawing illustrates the thin endometrium immediately after the menstruation stopped.


For more information, click on any of the following topics

Vagina

Cervix

Fallopian Tube

Ovary

Uterus


This concludes the basic illustration of the female reproductive organs. The next page describes the normal menstrual cycle.

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Last Update 27 December 2003

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